October 24, 1921

Born in Gherla, Romania

Born in Gherla, Romania

Eva is born in Gherla, Romania but her family moves often in her early years.  Her father is not effective in caring for the family and they are constantly on the move.  Eva is the middle child with an older and younger brother.

Pre-war

Living in Oradea

Living in Oradea

Eva drops out of school in the third grade to start working as a seamstress.  She helps support the family while her brothers study Torah at the local yeshiva.

May 5, 1944

Ghetto formed at Oradea

Ghetto formed at Oradea

On May 5, 1944 the order goes to all 33,000 Jews in Oradea to get into the Ghetto.  Emil had been visiting Eva and is trapped in the ghetto at this time.

May 27, 1944

Deportation to Auschwitz

Deportation to Auschwitz

75 people on the boxcar including Emil and Eva along with much of Eva’s extended family: brother. parents, grandparents, aunts, uncles and cousings.

May 20, 1944

Married while in ghetto

Married while in ghetto

After resisting Emil’s courtship and proposal of a civil marriage, Eva and Emil marry in a religious ceremony in the ghetto.  They receive the Rabbi’s Office as a private room for the nights.

May 30,1944

Arrival at Auschwitz

They arrived at Auschwitz during the night and waited for morning to disembark.  Upon disembarkation, Eva and Emil were seperated.

 

June-August 1944

Forced labor at Auschwitz I labor camp

Forced labor at Auschwitz I labor camp

Eva had her head shaved and was given prisoner garb before entering a labor camp was for women only.  She was allowed to keep her shoes.

July 20, 1944

Transferred to Stutthof Concentration Camp

Eva was transferred to the Stutthof camp, but was allowed to keep her shoes.

 

 

July 1944 - January 1945

Forced labor at Stutthof

Forced labor at Stutthof

Eva was put to work doing extreme manual labor while receiving minimal amounts of food.  Her primary responsibility for nearly six months was clearing rocks and boulders for an airfield.

March 11, 1945

Liberated by Soviet Army

Liberated by Soviet Army

After six weeks of forced marching, which she credits having survived due to having a good pair of shoes; Eva takes cover in a barn behind a set of hay bales. She is liberated the same day.

May 8, 1945

Victory in Europe Day – Returning to Oradea

Victory in Europe Day – Returning to Oradea

Eva was on her way back to Oradea after being treated for her ailments by the Soviet Army.  She learns about the Allied Victory while changing trains at Aushwitz-Birkenau.

May 20, 1945

Eva and Emil are reunited

Eva and Emil are reunited

After a nearly 800 mile bicycle ride, Emil returns to Oradea and is reunited with Eva.

May 20, 1946

David is born

David is born

Two years after being married and one year after being reunited, David is born in Târgu Mureș.