Masha was born as the youngest of four children. Her father passed away before she was born and the family moved in with her mother’s family.
Orphaned at age 12
Before finishing her primary education, Masha’s mother passed away — leaving her as the youngest of four children and the only one still in school.
Attended women’s teaching college in Telšiai
Masha continued to post-secondary education in the only women’s teaching college in Lithuania. Curriculum generated at this college was used across the world (used in Israel 30 years later when her daughter went to teaching college.)
Kindergarten teacher in Šiauliai (Shavli), Lithuania
After getting her teaching degree, Masha got a job on Shavli as a teacher and nanny.
June 15, 1940
Soviet occupation of Lithuania
On June 15, 1940 the Soviets occupied Lithuania and annexed Lithuania in August of 1941.
June 22, 1941
German invasion of Lithuania
Operation Barbarossa, the Axis attack on the Soviet Union included an attack into Soviet occupied Lithuania.
July 18, 1941All Jews must enter ghetto between July 22-August 22
Šiauliai (Shavli) Ghetto initially formed
The initial orders to forms the ghetto:
Any Jews who escape from Šiauliai have no right to return to the city. Those who return, will be arrested.
All Jews are required to wear a yellow Star of David on the left side of their chest.
All Jews are only allowed to be seen in public spaces from 6 a.m. to 8 p.m.
All Jews must liquidate their homes and immovable objects
All Jews must move into the sites indicated by the Šiauliai City Government
November 5, 1943
Šiauliai (Shavli) Ghetto Massacre
“If there is a hell on earth, this was it.”
– Kalman Lurie
Large scale action in the Ghetto by Ukranian and Lithuanian sympathizers: